Steroids and diabetes. Steroid diabetes mellitus – what is it

In medicine there is such a thing as steroids and diabetes. It can also be secondary insulin dependent. Most often, the disease develops on the background of a violation of the adrenal cortex and is associated with a sharp increase in the concentration of corticosteroids. However, the cause of the disease can be long-term use of hormonal drugs or their use in high doses. Scientists note one feature of this ailment – it proceeds moderately and the symptoms are not expressed explicitly.

Why can steroid diabetes develop?

Most often, scientists as a cause of the development of this disease note the hypothalamic-pituitary syndrome and the disease of Itenko-Cushing. If the work of the hypophysis with the hypothalamus is disrupted, then an imbalance of hormones appears in the body. This in turn leads to a decrease in the indicator of resistance of cellular structures to insulin. The most common disease in this case is the Itenko-Cushing syndrome.

developing steroids and diabetesIt is characterized by a high rate of synthesis of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex. So far, precise mechanisms for the development of this disease have not been established. Scientists point out the connection between women in pregnancy and the development of this disease. It’s no secret that during the gestation period, the female hormonal system works differently and the imbalance of hormones is quite possible.

It should be noted that the peculiarity of the Itenko-Cushing syndrome is the absence of disturbances in the functioning of the pancreas synthesizing insulin. This is the main difference between steroids and diabetes and the classic ailment. We have already said that medications and especially corticosteroids can cause this phenomenon. It is they that increase the rate of glucose synthesis by the liver, which can lead to glycemia.

Steroid diabetes is often found in people suffering from toxic goiter. In this case, the tissues do not absorb glucose as actively as required. If a patient’s thyroid dysfunction is combined with the development of diabetes mellitus, then steroid insulin-dependent diabetes develops. Corticosteroids negatively affect the pancreas and suppress the work of insulin. As a result, the body is forced to work at the limit of its capabilities. The more time corticosteroids are used, the higher the risk of pancreatic failure.

How do steroids affect the development of diabetes – is there a connection?

Today almost all professional athletes actively use anabolic steroids. Without these drugs, it is difficult to expect high results. According to many scientists, the use of AAS automatically translates a person into a risk group. Let’s try to find out if there is a connection between steroids and diabetes. Doctors believe that it exists and the risks of developing insulin-dependent diabetes are quite high.

Despite the fact that in sports most often anabolic steroids are used, and not corticosteroids, effects on the adrenal cortex can not be avoided. This in turn leads to an increase in the index of tissue resistance to insulin. It can be said that the relationship between steroids and diabetes can be traced in two ways:
The first way of development of the disease – synthetic hormonal substances disrupt the pancreas, and the amount of insulin synthesized by the body decreases. As a result, development of type 1 steroids and diabetes is possible.

The second way of development of the disease – increases the resistance of tissues to insulin. Against this background, insulin-dependent diabetes can develop.

How do hormonal medications affect the development of diabetes?

Some contraceptive hormonal drugs used by women can cause type 2 diabetes. It is quite obvious that synthetic hormonal substances can disrupt the endocrine system. Sometimes the cause of the development of the disease is prednisolone, anaprilin, etc. In fairness, we note that a violation of the sensitivity of tissues to insulin in similar situations are rare. The metabolic disturbances caused by these drugs are often not very pronounced.

But the risk of developing steroids and diabetes with thiazide diuretics is slightly higher. Recall, the drugs of this group include hypothiazide, navidreks, dichlorothiazide and others. As a therapy for red lupus, pemphigus, eczema, rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, corticosteroids are often used. We have already said that these drugs may well lead to serious metabolic disorders and cause the development of diabetes. If the beta cells of the pancreas are damaged, the disease will be insulin-dependent.

Symptoms of Steroid Diabetes

Symptoms of this ailment have signs of diabetes, both first and second types. We have already said that hormonal drugs can cause damage to the beta cells of the pancreas and the body will not be able to cope with the task assigned to it. At some point, insulin production will decline.

Simultaneously, the body can increase the resistance of tissues to the hormone. As soon as the pancreas stops the secretion of insulin, insulin-dependent diabetes begins to develop. Among the main symptoms of the disease can be identified three:

  • Constant thirst.
  • Sharp decline in efficiency.
  • Frequent and plentiful diuresis.

The peculiarity of this type of diabetes is that the symptoms noted above are not so pronounced. As a result, people do not even guess. That the body is already developing the disease and is not in a hurry to visit the doctor. In such patients, weight loss is quite rare. Even laboratory tests do not always give the right results, as the concentration of glucose in the blood can be in the normal range.

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How is steroid diabetes treated?

Steroids and diabetes is treated in the same way as a classically insulin-dependent illness. When prescribing therapy, it is necessary to take into account all the patient’s pathologies. This suggests that treatment can be prescribed only by a doctor. Among the measures for the treatment of steroid diabetes we note:

  • Injection of insulin to normalize the pancreas.
  • A low-carb nutrition program must be used.
  • Apply hypoglycemic medications.

In rare cases, surgical intervention is necessary to remove excess tissue from the adrenal cortex, which can slow the synthesis of hormones in the corticosteroid group.

Abolition of all medications that can provoke metabolic disorders. Although this exercise is not always possible, for example, with asthma. In such cases, constant monitoring of the pancreas is necessary steroids for women.

It should be noted that insulin injections are prescribed only after the hypoglycemic medications can not bring the expected effect. The patient should remember that the introduction of insulin is only one way to normalize blood glucose levels. The main task pursued by the therapy of steroid diabetes is compensation and delaying any possible complications. Diabetes in this regard is a very serious ailment and can disrupt the work of almost any system of the human body. Surgical removal of adrenal cortex tissues is the most extreme measure, as it can seriously harm human health.

Why is diabetes a low-carb diet program important?

To control the concentration of sugar in the blood, for any type of diabetes it is worth switching to the use of low-carbohydrate dietary nutrition program. The daily dosage of this nutrient should not exceed 30 grams. It is also important to consider the amount of protein compounds and fats of plant origin in the diet. We note the main advantages of a low-carbohydrate diets program:

  • The need for an organism in insulin and preparations decreasing the concentration of sugar in the blood decreases.
  • Even after a meal, the glucose level is easier to keep within normal limits.
  • Improves well-being, and symptoms of the disease are suppressed.
  • The risk of complications decreases.
  • The balance of lipoprotein structures is normalized.

How can I prevent the development of steroid diabetes?

steroid diabetesOne of the ways to prevent the development of this ailment is the constant use of a low-carb nutrition program. This applies to both people with diabetes and those at risk. If you actively used hormonal medications, you should think about fitness. Otherwise, it is possible to increase body weight, which often becomes causal of the development of the disease.

If you constantly feel weakness and your work capacity has sharply decreased, it is worthwhile to see a doctor. Insulin diabetes mellitus is completely cured very rarely. In other matters this applies to classical diabetes mellitus. You must remember. What is important is not to start the disease, because in this case it will be extremely difficult to fight with it. Let’s notice, that in the course of several researches the benefit of natural bodybuilding has been proved. And the more actively the athlete is engaged, the less are the risks of development of the disease.

Is there a genetic predisposition to diabetes?

Today they often talk about genetics and predisposition to anything. Surely you met on the profile web resources posts, about the genetics of athletes. Of course, hereditary information can also be important for diseases as well. If we talk about the relationship between genetics and diabetes, then it definitely exists steroids for asthma.

If you talk about ailment type 1, then you should see a doctor if you have relatives who suffer from this disease. Scientists believe that the genetic predisposition to this disease is primarily important for people of the European genotype. Studies have shown that the more the skin contains melanin, the lower the risk of developing steroids and diabetes.

When talking about type 2 diabetes, a person should be examined in the following situations:

  • The presence of excess weight and especially obesity.
  • Atherosclerosis in the background of severe hypertension.
  • The presence of gynecological pathologies in women, for example, polycystic ovaries.
  • Presence of permanent stressful situations.
  • Low physical activity.
  • Age exceeding 40 years against any of the above factors.